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Preventative &
General Dentistry







Dental Hygienist

Our aim is that your Oral health is maintained for the long term, that is why we recommend you see the Dental Hygienist?

What is a Dental Hygienist?

Most simply, hygienists provide full oral health care, focusing on the prevention and treatment of oral disease.

Normal, Healthy Gums

Healthy gums, periodontal ligament and bone anchor teeth firmly in place.


The bacteria in plaque irritate the gums, making them red, tender swollen and likely to bleed. If plaque is not removed, it can harden into calculus(tartar).


In time, as plaque and calculus build up along the gum line, bacteria in the plaque begin to break down the connection between the supporting soft tissues and the tooth. As the disease progresses, bacteria begin to attack the bone tissue as well.

Advanced Periodontitis

The gums can pull away from the teeth as more bone and the periodontal ligament are destroyed. Teeth may become loose and need to be extracted.

What to look out for.
Pocket Depth

Dental Pockets: As the name suggests its an opening shaped like a tiny pocket inside the mouth that opens up in the space between the gums and the teeth where the gum should normally be closed and tight against the tooth. The presence of pockets is an indication of gum disease.

Manage it early.

Stages of Gum Disease and Pocket Depths

Gum Disease
The Dental Hygienist will?

  • Undertake cleaning above the gum margin and deep cleaning below the gum margin

  • Provide preventative oral care

  • Liaising with the dentist over the treatment, periodontal disease and tooth wear.

  • Oral Cancer screening.

  • Measure and monitor alarming gum pockets

  • Advise on good oral hygiene instructions

How does the Hygienist clean my teeth?

The dental hygienist will use a range of techniques, instruments and materials to clean your teeth. Including:

  • Local anaesthetics to numb any areas where deep cleaning may be required.

  • Intra oral cameras to view areas at the back of your teeth.

  • X-rays to see what is happening below the gum margin and make appropriate treatment choices.

  • Special instruments to scrape away tartar, called a prophylaxis.

  • Ultrasonic cleaners which use high-frequency sound waves in conjunction with water to remove tartar.

  • Floss and interdental brushes to clean between your teeth.

  • Various rotating brushes and polishes to polish and clean your teeth.

What is Plaque?

A natural biofilm made up of millions of bacteria which live in your mouth, plaque is a sticky layer which adheres to the surface of your teeth and is not immediately visible, if plaque is not removed daily it can build up and harden into tartar, this is a creamy/yellow hard build-up which forms in between your teeth. Tarter is far more visible than plaque and is a sign that the plaque is not been removed adequately.

What does plaque look like on your teeth?


If you require a filling in your tooth, a cosmetic option would be to choose a white filling material that matches the shade of your surrounding natural teeth. You can also have any existing metallic fillings replaced with tooth-coloured or 'white' fillings. This will allow you to smile without a metallic glint in sight, giving your teeth a more natural appearance overall.

Here is how white fillings work:
  1. This is a safe procedure that entails the removal of any decay from your tooth, and taking out the metal or amalgam fillings if you are having them replaced.

  2. The new filling is made from a very hard tooth-coloured substance and will withstand the forces in your mouth when you bite and chew over a long period of time.

  3. The restoration is completed in one visit and your fillings will not be visible when you smile.

Life Benefits

  • Natural-looking restoration.

  • Improved cosmetic appearance of filled teeth while still being able to bite and chew as usual.

  • Hard-wearing restorative solution.


White filling, amalgam filling and a gold filling


A crown is a type of dental restoration used to fix teeth that have been broken, weakened by decay or contain a very large filling.​

Here is how it works:

  1. An impression is taken of the tooth that needs restoring.

  2. A crown is made in the dental laboratory to fit the tooth precisely and match the neighbouring teeth.

  3. The tooth is then prepared and the crown fitted securely on top.


This diagram shows the difference between​ a filling, inlay and an onlay

A crown could be a good solution for you if you have some discoloured fillings and would like to improve their appearance. Crowns can be used to replace these to give you a more appealing smile. Additionally, if you have had root canal treatment you will need a crown to protect or cap the restored tooth, allowing you to eat and bite down on it as if it was a real tooth. Crowns are also used to anchor a bridge or denture firmly in place in the mouth.​

Life Benefits

  • Strengthens remaining tooth structure.

  • Natural-looking restoration.

  • Functions like a real tooth, so you can bite and chew as usual.



In cases of advanced gum disease and tooth decay, teeth may need to be extracted. Some patients may also develop impacted wisdom teeth, which can cause intense pain. This is alleviated by having them removed surgically. One area in which it is possible for dentists to specialise is oral surgery, an umbrella term for all dental procedures involving surgery, such as the extraction of teeth or wisdom teeth. It is always important to get the advice of a dental professional if you are worried about any of your teeth. Never attempt to pull out your own tooth at home as this could cause a more serious problem for you.

Tooth extractions typically involve the following:

  1. Before the procedure you may require an x-ray of your teeth.

  2. Depending on your particular case and the severity of your problem, you may be given a local anaesthetic and offered sedation if you are anxious.

  3. Dentists have the right equipment and sterile environment to extract teeth with the utmost care and your recovery can be surprisingly quick.

  4. In the case of wisdom tooth extractions, you may have some swelling after the procedure and discomfort that can be eased with over-the-counter painkillers. In cases of advanced gum disease or periodontitis, antibiotics will be prescribed to reduce the risk of further infection.

Life Benefits

  • Safe and sterile procedure.

  • Quick recovery and healing time with reduced infection risk.

  • Sustained good oral health.

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